10. Civil Litigation

Property Disputes and Personal Injury

Property disputes may involve the following parties, including but not limited to:

  • Neighbors

  • Landlords and tenants

  • Homeowners Associations

  • Government agencies

  • Trespassers

  • Family members

  • Property visitors

Because of the potential numerosity of parties and disputes involving real property, property disputes make up a large portion of legal claims filed each year. In many cases, legal remedies may include a damages award to cover the plaintiff’s losses, or an injunction ordering one party to remedy a property defect or preventing a party from doing something on his or her property (such as building a spite fence).

Personal injury is an injury to a person’s body or mind. Personal injury causes of action are based on tort law, which covers behaviors that cause injury, suffering or harm to another person. In general, tort law is categorized into three categories: 

  • Intentional torts (such as battery); 

  • Unintentional torts (all types of negligence claims such as car accidents or animal attacks); and, 

  • Strict liability (product liability).

  • If you or a loved one has been injured, then you want to make sure you take the right steps. To make sure you don’t make any mistakes, consult with one of our experienced personal injury attorneys immediately to learn more about preserving your rights and remedies.

Civil & Commercial Criminal Violations

Civil offenses involve violations of administrative matters. The Federal Trade Commission frequently imposes civil fines on companies that violate consumer statutes. For example, if an organization carelessly reports incorrect credit information about several consumers, they can be fined for each violation. Another example of a civil offense is contempt of court. This can arise in any civil matter, but is often used in family law matters. If one parent is ordered to pay child support, but fails to make any attempts to pay their obligation, the other parent can move for contempt sanctions. Sanctions can include awarding the other parent attorney's fees. In extreme cases, the court can hold the non-paying parent in contempt and order them to remain in jail for a period of time. Even though jail time is a consequence, the difference is that the underlying action arose from a civil or administrative dispute, not from the violation of a criminal statute.

Criminal offenses on the other hand, arise from the violation of local ordinances or state or federal statutes prohibiting certain conduct. A criminal offense can involve a fine, an arrest, or confinement in jail or prison. The consequences of a criminal offense are set in relation to the seventy of the crime. For example, if you are pulled over because your woofers and tweeters violate a noise ordinance in your city, you are probably only going to be given a ticket and fined Conversely, if you are pulled over for suspicious driving and the officers determine that you were driving while intoxicated, you are more likely to be arrested. Your punishment could include probation or jail time depending on the circumstances of your case and your criminal history. Regardless of the range of punishment, both charges may appear later on your criminal history record.

   51 Years of Accumulated Practice

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Macedonio & Duncan, LLP is a leading Suffolk County Criminal Defense Firm conveniently located across from all major Courts in Central Islip. The Partners at Macedonio & Duncan have over 50 years of combined criminal law experience. The firm represents and advises clients on all criminal matters, including Murder, drug related charges, felonies, misdemeanors, DUI/DWI’s and traffic cases. If you or someone you know has been charged with or is being investigated for a criminal offense please contact our office for a free consultation. We are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week.

126 Carleton Avenue, Islip Terrace, NY 11752

Tel: 631-582-3232 / Fax: 631-761-9595

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